Middle Stewart Canyon Creek Restoration Project
The Middle Stewart Canyon Creek Restoration Project will rehabilitate a 10-acre riparian corridor overrun by invasive non-native species. This project will enhance an existing native oak woodland, increase stream flow, reduce fire risk, and benefit habitat value while providing environmentally oriented jobs for local youth working for The Concerned Resource Environmental Workers (CREW) and California Conservation Corps (CCC). The project area will be restored and maintained through a collaboration of community partners (City of Ojai, CREW, Pax Environmental, Ojai Valley Land Conservancy, and Once Upon a Watershed) who have worked together for many years on several restoration projects throughout the Ojai Valley.
Invasive non-native plants are decreasing the ability of riparian habitats to absorb water, increasing fire hazards, and inhibiting native plant growth in our riparian and upland ecosystems. Highly flammable non-native species have overwhelmed many riparian areas, allowing fires to spread in areas that historically did not burn as frequently. In addition, non-native species often consume more water which reduces water availability for native plants, wildlife, and people. Lastly, non-native trees such as eucalyptus drop a thick layer of oil-containing leaf and bark that inhibit native plant growth and can be toxic to aquatic life. Middle Stewart Canyon Creek is one of many community restoration projects within the Ventura River Watershed and is contiguous with previously restored sites up and down stream. Restoration of the project area will improve habitat for special-status species including southern California steelhead trout, California red-legged frog, arroyo chub, two-striped garter snake, and southwestern pond turtle. Non-native periwinkle (Vinca major), Mexican fan palm (Washingtonia robusta), and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) will be replaced with native Coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia), California sycamore (Platanus racemose), Valley oak (Q. lobata), Black walnut (Juglans californica), and several other species of plants within the understory.
Scope of Work:
- Data will be collected prior to restoration activities to establish a baseline for evaluating the restoration success.
- Aquatic, Nesting Bird, and Pre-construction surveys will be conducted prior to restoration activities.
- Native American monitoring will be conducted during any excavation activity.
- Under the guidance of a qualified biologist and ISA certified arborist, Phase I includes removal of small to medium sized invasive, non-native tree and understory vegetation by the CREW and CCC, in preparation for a native planting in the Spring. This will occur prior to planting efforts in the spring as invasive, non-native species out-compete native species.
- Under the guidance of a qualified biologist and ISA certified arborist, phase two includes removal of larger invasive, non-native trees by a professional tree contractor (See RFB Link below) in preparation for a native planting in the Spring. This will occur prior to planting efforts in the spring as invasive, non-native species out-compete native species.
- In cooperation with the Ojai Valley Land Conservancy, a local volunteer effort with multiple planting days.
- Established native plants will be maintained by the CREW and volunteers.
- Data collection and analysis of restoration efforts for annual and post project reporting as required by the grant.
- Enhance an existing native oak woodland to a functioning riparian ecosystem that supports a diversity of fish, wildlife, and plant species.
- Decrease fire hazards associated with invasive, non-native species.
- Provide ongoing stewardship of Middle Stewart Canyon Creek and develop outreach and networking that will help to continue project funding from a variety of community-based sources.
- Adjacent homeowner education program on runoff management, native landscaping practices, and other practices that will support the immediate and long-term health of this local riparian habitat.
- Provide environmentally oriented jobs for local youth working for The Concerned Resource Environmental Workers (CREW) and California Conservation Corps (CCC).
Anticipated Project Schedule: The work is anticipated to start in October 2020 and end in March 2024:
- Fall/Winter 2020/2021: Begin removal of eucalyptus and Mexican fan palm trees.
- Spring 2021: Begin planting of native trees and herbaceous plants and shrubs in coordination with tree removal schedule. Community education including planting days with OVLC, and workshops by OUW on practices that support healthy riparian habitat and water flow.
- Summer 2021: Begin regular watering schedule, as well as weeding, on a weekly to monthly basis depending on the time of year and rainfall.
- Fall/Winter 2021/2022: Continue and finish removal of eucalyptus and Mexican fan palm trees.
- Spring 2022: Continue planting of native trees and herbaceous plants and shrubs in coordination with tree removal schedule.
- Spring 2022 – Winter 2023: Community education including planting days with OVLC, and workshops by OUW on practices that support healthy riparian habitat and water flow.
- Summer 2022 – Spring 2024: Continue regular watering as well as weeding and re-sprouting prevention, on a weekly to monthly basis depending on the time of season, heat and rainfall.
- March 2024: CDFW reimbursable work ends. Community volunteers begin providing ongoing annual invasive weed and tree control.
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- For an interesting quick look at the project, please watch the STORY MAP here: https://oakum.maps.arcgis.com/apps/MapJournal/index.html?appid=1b0dedad05154f6ba908bb64bdc43d79
- Stewart Creek Infographic: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1z9du9c79rU_DshKY0lf6TMXPGnexdrWF/view?usp=sharing
- City website: https://ojaicity.org/middle-stewart-creek-canyon-restoration-project/
Administrative Report to the City Council Meeting dated March 10, 2020 https://drive.google.com/file/d/1c3Bp5XtWySpWjgnavESaEd2ok8bdIXrn/view
Administrative Report to the City Council Meeting dated September 22, 2020 https://drive.google.com/file/d/1jMjPsAqVtLP4M1jAVSCwCM5D3rUPn3Fi/view?usp=sharing
CDFW Grant Application https://drive.google.com/file/d/1VO1L86dZr2D1K19JgTzwt9t9NdRlZHwM/view
CDFW Grant Agreement https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Tq21ziZs3ghORKTRTt8IfKE5mSzIN49Z/view?usp=sharing
Middle Stewart Canyon Creek Restoration Project, Tree Removal – Request for Bids (RFB) https://drive.google.com/file/d/1tFlfIIYiGsUDMG-rtSalKa3Pe08_lxva/view?usp=sharing
Flexibility: The priority is to restore the entire area, but the City has flexibility to leave invasive trees that it deems critical. Many invasive trees, especially eucalyptus, will inhibit restoration of native vegetation and can be toxic to aquatic life. It should be noted that leaving eucalyptus trees within the project area will compromise the integrity of the habitat restoration.
- For example, the plan is to start from the south end of the project while reaching out to adjacent residents, prioritizing restoration removal closer to the stream and providing flexibility as far from the stream as possible.
Outreach: City staff and consulting biologist will reach out to adjacent property owners prior and during the work to assure their understanding of the project, providing a project review and contact information, and discuss potential impacts to the removal of invasive trees and other vegetation. Additionally, the City’s webpage for this project is being enhanced to include photo renderings of before and after restoration, and a StoryMap (click here to view). The extensive outreach that has already taken place has resulted in the following cooperation and commitments with adjacent residents:
- Concerns with maintaining visual blocking of neighbors’:
- Minimizing the time between tree removal and planting to assure the landscape and any visual blocking returns as fast as possible. Note this was the plan, but it’s emphasized.
- Planting on hillsides, with frequent watering, so trees gain total height as rapidly as possible.
- Increasing the planting ratio and new plant in areas where visual blocking is a concern, as project funds or contributions allow. Assuring fast growing natives are planted, such as Sycamore and Willow trees.
- Working with the Ventura County Watershed Protection District to see what plantings will be allowed in the rip-rapped and other concreted areas.
Environmental Protections and Monitoring:
The California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) requires the following before they issue a Notice to Proceed with the work:
- Primary Document: CDFW Approved Planting and Restoration Plan (including a plant palette with thousands of native plantings).
- Biological Assessment
- Streambed Alteration Permit
- Tree Protection Plan
City staff and a consulting environmental firm with biologist and arborist will ensure that all activities are in compliance with permit conditions. A qualified biologist/arborist will conduct pre-construction surveys (3-5 days prior to tree removal), coordinate species relocations, flag sensitive resources to avoid, conduct WEAP trainings and site checks, and complete weekly/annual reporting to ensure environmental compliance with applicable permits during restoration activities. The work plan is reviewed each day before starting work, with a plan for which trees/vegetation will be removed and a review of necessary restrictions. Then work is monitored to ensure compliance. Qualified Native American monitors will monitor any native soil disturbance. Penalties in the contract including the following fees for damage to protected tree limbs over 4-inches in diameter as well as unauthorized vehicle creek crossings:
|Unauthorized Vehicle Creek Crossing||$1,500|
|>4” limbs (diameter at break)||$750|
|>8” limbs (diameter at break)||$1,000|
|>10” limbs (diameter at break)||$1,250|
|>12” limbs (diameter at break)||$1,500|
Invasive Resprouting Control:
- City staff will work with Transition to Organics to implement certain non-chemical resprouting control such as solarization and cardboard covering, where feasible
- Hand pulling of invasive plants will be maximized.
- The use of chemical herbicides will be minimized, applied under the supervision of licensed applicators, and will only be by hand painting or spot application, where feasible.
- Note this project is beneficial to monarch butterflies as it increases their native foraging habitat.
VOLUNTEER HERE Signup to Volunteer for this project
- We would love your help in this amazing restoration effort. There are great opportunities to participate in this restoration effort with planting, removal of invasive plants, planting natives, watering, weeding, etc.”